Earnings, GDP Boosted by Consumers


July 26, 2019 – Earnings dominated the financial news this week. Earnings also explain the divergence in performance of the major indices. 

For the week, the Dow was basically unchanged, while broader indices posted decent gains. Earnings from Caterpillar (CAT) and Boeing (BA) weighted on the Dow. Boeing’s report is hard to extrapolate from as all of quarter’s weakness was pinned on the ongoing troubles with the 737 Max which may be the case, but could also be convenient place to pin a weak quarter. Caterpillar on the other hand, just didn’t make as many sales as expected, and also had a hard time making sales at higher prices. The company also lowered its guidance for the rest of the year. 

Meanwhile, over on the NASDAQ, big tech earnings remain strong. Quarterly reports from Facebook and Google topped expectations. Amazon fell short, but Amazon has demonstrated less regard for the quarterly earnings game than perhaps any mega-cap stock in history. The online retail giant’s miss was also due to increased spending as it builds out its own delivery network, so the miss was due to weakness in the actual business. 

That constellation of earnings results, in light of Friday’s GDP report, starts to look like the continuation of a trend. The first estimate of second quarter GDP showed growth at a rate of 2.1%, down from 3.1% in the first quarter. Slowing business investment was blamed for much of the decline, but consumers and government spending rose to help offset the decline in business spending. 

Strength in consumer spending has been a trend we’ve commented on several times recently. With the Federal Reserve all but guaranteed to lower interest rates next week, it is not impossible we could get a boost in business spending, but longer sections of the yield curve, where businesses typically borrow is already at multi-year lows, so it is hard to imagine why a 25 basis point cut to overnight rates would spur a lot of new investment. 

As for the market, barring a big surprise from the Fed next week, earnings will continue to be the driver. Growth isn’t as strong as it was a year ago, but earnings season is largely about marking expectations to reality (although some people get it backwards), so as long results keep coming in largely in-line with expectations, we’re likely to see a continued gradual climb, particularly in those segments that are more exposed to consumer spending.


All told this week, the S&P gained 1.65%, the Nadsaq added 2.26%, and the Dow Jones rose 0.14%.

Given the market’s lack of movement this week, last week’s support and resistance study remains valid. You can see that here.

S&P 500

The S&P 500 continued to find support at its 20-day moving average (blue line) early this week. The action-packed earnings week helped to boost the S&P, allowing for new highs to be set Friday. The sideways movement we’ve seen in the S&P since the beginning of July has also allowed for new support levels to begin forming between 2,980-3,020.


Like the S&P, the Nasdaq hit new highs this week, fueled by a tech-heavy earnings calendar. Companies like Facebook (FB) and Alphabet (GOOGL) pushed the index higher, despite earnings misses from companies like Amazon (AMZN) and Tesla (TSLA). The Nasdaq is also beginning to form new levels of support between 8,150-8,250 as the index continues to run sideways near record highs. All eyes will be on Apple (APPL) next week, as they are scheduled to report after the bell Tuesday.

Dow Jones Industrial Average

The Dow didn’t find support from quarterly earnings this week like the S&P and the Nasdaq. Since the Dow is only made up of 30 stocks, earnings misses and lowered forward guidance from both Caterpillar (CAT) and Boeing (BA) pared gains the Dow made early in the week. While the Dow does have support from its 20-day moving average and slight technical support around 27,000, the index closed below its 8-day moving average Friday. Should the Dow continue decline, we could see the it fall considerably before reaching stronger levels of support at 26,700 and below.

Russell 2000

The Russell 2000 continues to run sideways. Earnings this week, along with support from its moving averages, helped it bounce from technical support , but the Russell has not been able to break through resistance (solid line) around the 1,580 level. Next week will also be heavy with earnings reports, and we would like to see the Russell break through 1,580, or, at the very least, maintain strength above its major moving averages.

Bobby Raines

Bobby Raines

Bobby Raines is the Managing Editor of the Market Intelligence Center. He has degrees in Mass Communications and History from Emory & Henry College. Bobby worked at a mid-sized daily newspaper before making a switch to covering the financial industry full time in the years leading up to the financial crisis. He has been a member of the Fresh Brewed Media team since 2011 and has served as a writer and analyst. You can write to him at braines@marketintelligencecenter.com or follow him on Twitter: @BRatMICenter.

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